Core Value 7: Allows for openness and public oversight

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  • 1. Every person charged with an offence has the right to a public hearing, trial and appeal, except where the interests of juvenile persons otherwise require.[1]
  • 2. Any judgment, including an appeal, is made public except where the interests of juvenile persons otherwise require.[ii] The decision includes a recitation of essential evidence, findings and legal reasoning.[iii]


  1. See UDHR, Art. 10, 11; ICCPR, Art. 14 ("In the determination of any criminal charge against him, or of his rights and obligations in a suit at law, everyone shall be entitled to a fair and public hearing by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal established by law").

[ii] ICCPR, Art. 14.

[iii] HRC General Comment No. 32, Article 14: Right to equality before courts and tribunals and to a fair trial, para. 29, 24 July 2007.