Core Value 2: Not arbitrary and has checks and balances/es

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  • 1. Nadie puede ser sujeto a arrestos, detenciones, allanamientos o exilios arbitrarios.[1]
  • 2. Toda persona tiene derecho a una solución efectiva hecha por un tribunal competente por todas las acciones que violen sus derechos fundamentales.[2]
  • 3. Las sentencias, inclusiva las de segunda instancia, se basan en el Estado de Derecho

.[3]

  • 4. Toda persona condenada por un crimen tiene derecho a que se re-evalúe la sentencia por parte de un tribunal superior independiente, imparcial y competenten.[4]

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Referencias

  1. UDHR, Art. 9, 17; ICCPR, Art. 9; CRC, Art. 37.
  2. UDHR, Art. 8; ICCPR, Art. 9.
  3. HRC (Human Rights Committee) General Comment No. 32, Article 14: Right to equality before courts and tribunals and to a fair trial, para. 29, 24 July 2007.
  4. ICCPR, Art. 14; CRC, Art. 40; CMW, Art. 18; HRC General Comment No. 13, Article 14: Equality before the courts and the right to a fair and public hearing by an independent court established by law, para. 17, 12 April 1984.