An individual has the right not to be arbitrarily arrested and detained. In many countries, an officer must have probable cause to arrest an individuale. Probable cause to arrest exists when, at the time of the arrest, the officer is relying on reasonably trustworthy facts and circumstances sufficient to lead a reasonably prudent person to believe that the acused has committed or is committing a crime.
- INDIA - The police may arrest a person without a warrant except in non-cognizable offences if it is based on a probable cause. This exists if at the time of the arrest the officer is relying on reasonable facts sufficient to lead him to believe that the person committed or is committing a crime. (Indian Criminal Procedure Code Section 41)