Universal Declaration of Human Rights

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Adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1948 (Resolution 217 A (III)).

Relevant Provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Article 1

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2

Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3

Right to life, liberty and security of person.

Article 5

Right not to be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6

Right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

Article 7

Right to equal protection of the law, and to equal protection against discrimination.

Article 8

Right to effective remedy for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by constitution or by law.

Article 9

Right not to be subject to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

Article 10

Right to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.

Article 11

1.Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence. 2.No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.

Article 12

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 17

Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

Article 18

Right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.

Article 19

Right to freedom of opinion and expression.

Article 20

Right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.

Article 21

Right to take part in government of country directly of through representatives. Right to equal access to public service.


See International Law