Genocide

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Genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:

  • ( a ) Killing members of the group;
    • Includes direct killing and actions causing death.
  • ( b ) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
    • Includes inflicting trauma on members of the group through widespread torture, rape, sexual violence, forced or coerced use of drugs, and mutilation.
  • ( c ) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
    • Includes the deliberate deprivation of resources needed for the group's physical survival, such as clean water, food, clothing, shelter or medical services. Deprivation of the means to sustain life can be imposed through confiscation of harvests, blockade of foodstuffs, detention in camps, forcible relocation or expulsion into deserts.
  • ( d ) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
    • Includes involuntary sterilization, forced abortion, prohibition of marriage, and long-term separation of men and women intended to prevent procreation.
  • ( e ) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
    • May be imposed by direct force or by fear of violence, duress, detention, psychological oppression or other methods of coercion. The Convention on the Rights of the Child defines children as persons under the age of 18 years.

It is a crime to plan or incite genocide, even before killing starts, and to aid or abet genocide. The following acts shall be punishable:

  • ( a ) Genocide;
  • ( b ) Conspiracy to commit genocide;
  • ( c ) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide;
  • ( d ) Attempt to commit genocide;
  • ( e ) Complicity in genocide.

See Crimes