Crimes against Humanity

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Crime Against Humanity means any of the following acts when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack.


The unlawful killing of another human being.


The intentional infliction of conditions of life, inter alia the deprivation of access to food and medicine, calculated to bring about the destruction of part of a population.


The exercise of any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership over a person and includes the exercise of such power in the course of trafficking in persons, in particular women and children.

Deportation or forcible transfer of population

Forced displacement of the persons concerned by expulsion or other coercive acts from the area in which they are lawfully present, without grounds permitted under international law.


Severe deprivation of physical liberty in violation of fundamental rules of international law.


The intentional infliction of severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, upon a person in the custody or under the control of the accused; except that torture shall not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to, lawful sanctions.

Sexual Violence

  • Rape
  • Sexual Slavery
  • Enforced Prostitution
  • Forced pregnancy
    • The unlawful confinement of a woman forcibly made pregnant, with the intent of affecting the ethnic composition of any population or carrying out other grave violations of international law.
  • Enforced Sterilization

Persecution Against Any Identifiable Group or Collectivity

Persecution is the intentional and severe deprivation of fundamental rights contrary to international law by reason of the identity of the group or collectivity on any of these grounds:

  • Political
  • Racial
  • National
  • Ethnic
  • Cultural
  • Religious
  • Gender
    • The term "gender" refers to the two sexes, male and female, within the context of society.
  • Other grounds that are universally recognized as impermissible under international law

Enforced disappearance of persons

The arrest, detention or abduction of persons by, or with the authorization, support or acquiescence of, a State or a political organization, followed by a refusal to acknowledge that deprivation of freedom or to give information on the fate or whereabouts of those persons, with the intention of removing them from the protection of the law for a prolonged period of time.

The Crime of Apartheid

Inhumane acts committed in the context of an institutionalized regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial group over any other racial group or groups and committed with the intention of maintaining that regime.

Other inhumane acts of a similar character

intentionally causing great suffering, or serious injury to body or to mental or physical health.


  • Attack directed against any civilian population means a course of conduct involving the multiple commission of acts referred to above targeting against any civilian population, pursuant to or in furtherance of a State or organizational policy to commit such attack;