International Law

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Courts

International Instruments

Background

Since the United Nations was founded in 1945, the various states have drafted several tools to facilitate international law. Several of those international tools are listed here, with a focus on criminal justice and prisoners' rights. Some of these tools are called "basic principals" while others are called "covenants". Generally speaking, principals are advisory, while covenants are binding on the states. The International Court of Justice provides remedies for violations of some of these covenants.

Torture

Binding Instruments

UN General Assembly Declarations

Prisoner's Rights and Sentencing Standards

UN General Assembly Declarations

UN ECOSOC Resolutions

Children's Rights

Binding Instruments

UN General Assembly Declarations

Other

Binding Instruments

UN General Assembly Declarations

UN ECOSOC Resolutions

UN Congresses

Regional Instruments

African

  • African Charter on Human and Peoples'Rights
  • African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child

American

Arab

  • Arab Charter on Human Rights
  • Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam

European

Asian

  • ASEAN Charter
  • ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission of Human Rights Terms of Reference
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