Difference between revisions of "International Law"

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==Courts==
+
=Courts=
 
*[[International Court of Justice]] (The Hague, Netherlands)
 
*[[International Court of Justice]] (The Hague, Netherlands)
 
**ICJ Rules of Court
 
**ICJ Rules of Court
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*[[Special Court for Sierra Leone]] (Freetown, Sierra Leone)
 
*[[Special Court for Sierra Leone]] (Freetown, Sierra Leone)
  
==Treaties==
+
= International Instruments =
===Background===
+
 
 +
==Background==
 
Since the United Nations was founded in 1945, the various states have drafted several tools to facilitate international law. Several of those international tools are listed here, with a focus on criminal justice and prisoners' rights. Some of these tools are called "basic principals" while others are called "covenants". Generally speaking, principals are advisory, while covenants are binding on the states. The [[International Court of Justice]] provides remedies for violations of some of these covenants.
 
Since the United Nations was founded in 1945, the various states have drafted several tools to facilitate international law. Several of those international tools are listed here, with a focus on criminal justice and prisoners' rights. Some of these tools are called "basic principals" while others are called "covenants". Generally speaking, principals are advisory, while covenants are binding on the states. The [[International Court of Justice]] provides remedies for violations of some of these covenants.
  
===Torture===
+
==Torture==
 
+
====Binding Instruments====
 
* [[Convention Against Torture]] and Other Cruel Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
 
* [[Convention Against Torture]] and Other Cruel Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
 
* [[Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment]]
 
* [[Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment]]
* [[Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment]]
 
* [[Principles of Medical Ethics Relevant to the Role of Health Personnel, Particularly Physicians, in the Protection of Prisoners and Detainees against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment]]
 
* [[Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish the Crime of Torture]]
 
* [[Principles on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment]]
 
  
===Prisoners' Rights and Sentencing Standards===
+
====UN General Assembly Declarations====
 +
* [[Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to  Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment]]
 +
* [[Principles of Medical Ethics Relevant to the Role of Health  Personnel, Particularly Physicians, in the Protection of Prisoners and  Detainees against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading  Treatment or Punishment]]
 +
* [[Principles on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of  Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment]]
  
 +
==Prisoner's Rights and Sentencing Standards==
 +
====UN General Assembly Declarations====
 
* [[Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners]]
 
* [[Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners]]
* [[Standard Minimum Rules for Treatment of Prisoners]]
 
 
* [[United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for Non-custodial Measures (The Tokyo Rules)]]
 
* [[United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for Non-custodial Measures (The Tokyo Rules)]]
 
* [[Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment]]
 
* [[Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment]]
  
===Children's Rights===
+
====UN ECOSOC Resolutions====
 +
* [[Standard Minimum Rules for Treatment of Prisoners]]
 +
 
 +
==Children's Rights==
 +
====Binding Instruments====
 +
* [[United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child]]
 +
 
 +
====UN General Assembly Declarations====
 
* [[United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (The Riyadh Guidelines)]]
 
* [[United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (The Riyadh Guidelines)]]
 
* [[United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty]]
 
* [[United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty]]
 
* [[Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (the Beijing Rules)]]
 
* [[Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (the Beijing Rules)]]
* [[United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child]]
 
  
===Other Important Treaties===
+
==Other==
 +
 
 +
====Binding Instruments====
 
* [[Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide]]
 
* [[Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide]]
 
* [[International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights]]
 
* [[International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights]]
* [[American Convention on Human Rights]]
 
 
* [[Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights]]
 
* [[Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights]]
 +
* [[International Covenant for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance]]
 +
* [[Common Article 3 of the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Additional Protocols I and II]]
 +
* [[Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity]]
 +
 +
====UN General Assembly Declarations====
 
* [[Universal Declaration of Human Rights]]
 
* [[Universal Declaration of Human Rights]]
 
* [[United Nations Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary Power]]
 
* [[United Nations Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary Power]]
* [[Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms]]
 
 
* [[United Nations Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials]]
 
* [[United Nations Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials]]
* [[Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials]]
 
 
* [[Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power]]
 
* [[Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power]]
 +
* [[Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illness and the Improvement of Mental Health Care]]
 +
 +
====UN ECOSOC Resolutions====
 +
* [[Principles on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extra-legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions]]
 +
 +
====UN Congresses====
 
* [[Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers]]
 
* [[Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers]]
 
* [[Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors]]
 
* [[Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors]]
* [[Principles on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extra-legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions]]
 
* [[International Covenant for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance]]
 
 
* [[Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials]]
 
* [[Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials]]
* [[Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illness and the Improvement of Mental Health Care]]
+
 
* [[Common Article 3 of the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Additional Protocols I and II]]
+
=Regional Instruments=
 +
 
 +
==African==
 +
*  African Charter on Human and Peoples'Rights
 +
*  African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child
 +
 
 +
==American==
 +
*  American Declaration on Human Rights
 +
* [[American Convention on Human Rights]]
 +
* [[Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish the Crime of Torture]]
 +
 
 +
==Arab==
 +
*  Arab Charter on Human Rights
 +
*  Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam
 +
 
 +
==European==
 +
* [[Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms]]
 
* [[Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union]]
 
* [[Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union]]
* [[Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity]]
+
* European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and of Inhumane or Degrading Punishments or Treatments
 +
 
 +
==Asian==
 +
* ASEAN Charter
 +
* ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission of Human Rights Terms of Reference
 
{{Languages|International Law}}
 
{{Languages|International Law}}

Revision as of 13:08, 18 April 2012

Courts

International Instruments

Background

Since the United Nations was founded in 1945, the various states have drafted several tools to facilitate international law. Several of those international tools are listed here, with a focus on criminal justice and prisoners' rights. Some of these tools are called "basic principals" while others are called "covenants". Generally speaking, principals are advisory, while covenants are binding on the states. The International Court of Justice provides remedies for violations of some of these covenants.

Torture

Binding Instruments

UN General Assembly Declarations

Prisoner's Rights and Sentencing Standards

UN General Assembly Declarations

UN ECOSOC Resolutions

Children's Rights

Binding Instruments

UN General Assembly Declarations

Other

Binding Instruments

UN General Assembly Declarations

UN ECOSOC Resolutions

UN Congresses

Regional Instruments

African

  • African Charter on Human and Peoples'Rights
  • African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child

American

Arab

  • Arab Charter on Human Rights
  • Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam

European

Asian

  • ASEAN Charter
  • ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission of Human Rights Terms of Reference
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