European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and of Inhumane or Degrading Punishments or Treatments

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Adopted by the Member States of the Council of Europe in Strasbourg on November 26, 1987. Entered into force on February 1, 1989.

Contents

Relevant Provisions of the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and of Inhumane or Degrading Punishments or Treatments

Article 1

There shall be established a European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. The Committee shall, by means of visits, examine the treatment of persons deprived of their liberty with a view to strengthening, if necessary, the protection of such persons from torture and from inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 2

Each Party shall permit visits, in accordance with this Convention, to any place within its jurisdiction where persons are deprived of their liberty by a public authority.

Status of Signature, Ratification and Entry into force of the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and of Inhumane or Degrading Punishments or Treatments

Country Signature Ratification Entry into force
Albania 02 October 1996 02 October 1996 01 February 1997
Andorra 10 September 1996 06 January 1997 01 May 1997
Armenia 11 May 2001 18 June 2002 01 October 2002
Austria 26 November 1987 06 January 1989 01 May 1989
Azerbaijan 21 December 2001 15 April 2002 01 August 2002
Belgium 26 November 1987 23 July 1991 01 November 1991
Bosnia and Herzegovina 12 July 2002 12 July 2002 01 November 2002
Bulgaria 30 September 1993 03 May 1994 01 September 1994
Croatia 06 November 1996 11 October 1997 01 February 1998
Cyprus 26 November 1987 03 April 1989 01 August 1989
Czech Republic 23 December 1992 07 September 1995 01 January 1996
Denmark 26 November 1987 02 May 1989 01 September 1989
Estonia 28 June 1996 06 November 1996 01 March 1997
Finland 16 November 1989 20 December 1990 01 April 1991
France 26 November 1987 09 January 1989 01 May 1989
Georgia 16 February 2000 20 June 2000 01 October 2000
Germany 26 November 1987 21 February 1990 01 June 1990
Greece 26 November 1987 02 August 1991 01 December 1991
Hungary 09 February 1993 04 November 1993 01 March 1994
Iceland 26 November 1987 19 June 1990 01 October 1990
Ireland 14 March 1988 14 March 1988 01 February 1989
Italy 26 November 1987 29 December 1988 01 April 1989
Latvia 11 September 1997 10 February 1998 01 June 1998
Liechtenstien 26 November 1987 12 September 1991 01 January 1992
Lithuania 14 September 1995 26 November 1998 01 March 1999
Luxembourg 26 November 1987 06 September 1988 01 February 1989
Malta 26 November 1987 07 March 1988 01 February 1989
Moldova 02 May 1996 02 October1997 01 February 1998
Monaco 30 November 2005 30 November 2005 01 March 2006
Montenegro 03 March 2004 03 March 2004 06 June 2006
Netherlands 26 November 1987 12 October 1988 01 February 1989
Norway 26 November 1987 21 April 1989 01 August 1989
Poland 11 July 1994 10 October 1994 01 February 1995
Portugal 26 November 1987 29 March 1990 01 July 1990
Romania 04 November 1993 04 October 1994 01 February 1995
Russian Federation 28 February 1996 05 May 1998 01 September 1998
San Marino 16 November 1989 31 January 1990 01 May 1990
Serbia 03 March 2004 03 March 2004 01 July 2004
Slovakia 23 December 1992 11 May 1994 01 September 1994
Slovenia 04 November 1993 02 February 1994 01 June 1994
Spain 26 November 1987 02 May 1989 01 September 1989
Sweden 26 November 1987 21 June 1988 01 February 1989
Switzerland 26 November 1987 07 October 1988 01 February 1989
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 14 June 1996 06 June 1997 01 October 1997
Turkey 11 January 1988 26 February 1988 01 February 1989
Ukraine 02 May 1996 05 May 1997 01 September 1997
United Kingdom 26 November 1987 24 June 1988 01 February 1989

See International Law