Bangladesh’s legal system is based on a common law system. However, unlike other common law jurisdictions, Bangladesh’s Supreme Court has the power to not only interpret laws made by the Parliament, but to also declare them null and void and to enforce fundamental rights of the citizens. Although founded on the English common law system, the laws of Bangladesh take a statutory form, which are enacted by the legislature and interpreted by the higher courts.
According to Bangladesh code 2007, there are 957 laws in Bangladesh of which 366 are pre indepence laws and 633 have been made after the independence.
Criminal procedure law in Bangladesh is primarily derived from the Constitution of the People’s Republic of Banglades (1972), the Penal Code of 1860(PC), the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1898(CrPc), and the Evidence Act of 1872. Other significant statutory provisions include the Special Power Act 1974, The Nari O Shishu Nirjaton Doman Ain 2003, The Acid Throwing Act 2002, The Anti Corruption Commission Act 2004, The Censorship of Films Act 1963, The Pure Food Ordinance 1959, The Arms Act 1864, and The Dowry Prohibition Act of 1980.
- There are 77,000 prisoners in Bangladesh. Sixty-nine percent are pre-trial detainees and remand prisoners.