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Bangladesh’s legal system is based on a common law system. However, unlike other common law jurisdictions, Bangladesh’s Supreme Court has the power to not only interpret laws made by the Parliament, but to also declare them null and void and to enforce fundamental rights of the citizens. Although founded on the English common law system, the laws of Bangladesh take a statutory form, which are enacted by the legislature and interpreted by the higher courts.

According to Bangladesh code 2007, there are 957 laws in Bangladesh of which 366 are pre indepence lawas and 633 have been made afte the independence.

Criminal procedure law in Bangladesh is primarily derived from the Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh , 1972, the Penal Code (PC),1860 , the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPc) ,1898, the evidence act .1872. Also there are laws relating to criminal proceeding the Special Power Act 1974, The Nari O Shishu Nirjaton Doman Ain 2003, The Acid Throwing Act 2002, The Anti Corruption Commission Act 2004, The Censorship of Flims Act 1963, The Pure Food Ordinance 1959, The Arms Act 1864, The Dowry prevention Act 1980.


  • There are 77,000 prisoners in Bangladesh. Sixty-nine percent are pre-trial detainees and remand prisoners.