African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights
Adopted by the 18th Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union on 27 June 191. Entered into force on 21 October 1986.
- 1 Relevant Provisions of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights
- 2 Status of Signature, Ratification and Accession to the African Charter on Human and Peoples'Rights
Relevant Provisions of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights
State Parties to the Charter shall undertake to adopt legislative or other measures to give effect to them.
Prohibition of discrimination in the enjoyment of the rights and freedoms provided for in the Charter, without distinction of any kind such as race, ethnic group, color, sex, language, religion, political or any other opinion, national and social origin, fortune, birth or any status.
Equality before the law and equal protection of the law.
Inviolability of the human being, in his life and in the integrity of his person. No one may be arbitrarily deprived of this right.
Right to the respect of the dignity inherent in a human being and to the recognition of his legal status. Prohibition of torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment and treatment.
Every individual shall have the right to liberty and to security of his person. No one may be deprived of his freedom except for reasons and conditions previously laid down by law. No one may be arbitrarily arrested or detained.
1. Everyone shall have the right to have his cause heard. This comprises: a) Right to an appeal to competent national organs against acts of violating his fundamental rights as recognized and guaranteed by conventions, laws, regulations and customs in force; b) Right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty by a competent court or tribunal; c) Right to defense, including the right to be defended by counsel of his choice; d) Right to be tried within a reasonable time by an impartial court or tribunal.
2. Legality principle.
Punishment is personal and can be imposed only on the offender.
Freedom of conscience, guarantee of the profession and free practice of religion. No one may, subject to law and order, be submitted to measures restricting the exercise of these freedoms.
Every individual shall have the right to free association provided that he abides by the law.
Every individual shall have the right to assemble freely with others. The exercise of this right shall be subject only to necessary restrictions provided for by law, in particular those enacted in the interest of national security, the safety, health, ethics and rights and freedoms of others.
2. Every citizen shall have the right of equal access to the public service of the country.
3. Every individual shall have the right of access to public property and services in strict equality of all persons before the law.
Right to property, which may only be encroached upon in the interest of public need or in the general interest of the community and in accordance with the provisions of appropriate laws.
All peoples shall be equal.
State Parties have the duty to guarantee the independence of the Courts and shall allow the establishment and improvement of appropriate national institutions entrusted with the promotion and protection of the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the present Charter.
Status of Signature, Ratification and Accession to the African Charter on Human and Peoples'Rights
|Country||Signature||Ratification/Accession||Date of Deposit|
|Algeria||10 April 1986||01 March 1987||20 March 1987|
|Benin||25 April 1990||3 August 1990|
|Botswana||-||14 March 1995|
|Burkina Faso||26 January 1990||31 August 1990|
|Burundi||8 May 1990||19 October 1990|
|Cameroon||25 September 1990||11 January 1993|
|Central African Republic||30 July 1990||23 April 1992|
|Chad||30 September 1990||2 October 1990|
|Ivory Coast||26 January 1990||4 February 1991|
|Comoros||30 September 1990|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||20 March 1990||27 September 1990|
|Djibouti||30 September 1990||6 December 1990|
|Egypt||5 February 1990||6 July 1990|
|Equatorial Guinea||-||15 June 1992|
|Eritrea||20 December 1993||3 August 1994|
|Ethiopia||-||14 May 1991|
|Gabon||26 January 1990||9 February 1994|
|Gambia||5 February 1990||8 August 1990|
|Ghana||29 January 1990||5 February 1990|
|Guinea||-||13 July 1990|
|Guinea Bissau||26 January 1990||20 August 1990|
|Kenya||26 January 1990||30 July 1990|
|Libyan Ara Jamahiriya||-||15 April 1993|
|Magadascar||19 April 1990||19 March 1991|
|Malawi||-||2 January 1991|
|Mali||26 January 1990||20 September 1990|
|Mauritania||26 January 1990||16 May 1991|
|Mauritius||-||26 July 1990|
|Mozambique||30 September 1990||26 April 1994|
|Namibia||26 January 1990||30 September 1990|
|Niger||26 January 1990||30 September 1990|
|Nigeria||26 January 1990||19 April 1991|
|Rwanda||26 January 1990||24 January 1991|
|Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic||-||26 January 1996|
|Sao Tome & Principe|
|Senegal||26 January 1990||31 July 1990|
|Seychelles||-||7 September 1990|
|Sierra Leone||13 February 1990||18 June 1990|
|Somalia||9 May 2002||-|
|South Africa||29 January 1993||16 June 1995|
|Sudan||24 July 1990||3 August 1990|
|Swaziland||22 August 1990||7 September 1995|
|Togo||26 January 1990||1 August 1990|
|Tunisia||26 February 1990||30 January 1992|
|Uganda||17 August 1990||17 August 1990|
|Zambia||30 September 1990||6 December 1991|
|Zimbabwe||8 March 1990||11 September 1990|