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One of five countries in the East Africa Law Society, Uganda has a common law criminal justice system influenced by British colonial rulers and African customary law.
Uganda has a score of 19 out of a 100 on the The World Bank Rule of Law Index.
A limited legal aid system exists in Uganda. However, it provides legal counsel to only those defendants who are charged with capital crimes. In 1992, in response to the overwhelming need for lawyers, the Uganda Law Society formed the Legal Aid Project with the assistance of the Norwegian Bar Association.
Uganda has ratified the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
- 56% of prisoners in Uganda are pre-trial detainees.
- Prisons in Uganda are currently at 223 percent capacity.